Acclimatization is the best way to protect yourself from getting affected by Altitude Sickness. Acclimatization is a process which gives your body ample time to adjust to the change in oxygen levels found at a higher altitude or elevation.
Below are the best guidelines on how best to acclimatize when preparing for a Mount Kilimanjaro Trek
Preferably begin your trek at an altitude that is lower than 10,000 feet and then walk to a higher altitude rather than driving or flying. In case you have to fly or drive to a higher of more than 10,000 feet, remain at your first stop for at least 24 hours and after continue to a higher elevation.
It is best that you increase the elevation during your hike to utmost 1,000 feet each day and have a rest day in your itinerary for each 3,000 feet attained. The most important thing is to climb high but sleep on a lower altitude.
Drink plenty of water through the day about 3 – 4 quarts.
Take deep breaths while hiking the mountain.
When at a high altitude, we recommend that you eat a diet having over seventy percent (70%) of carbohydrates.
In case you develop any symptoms of Altitude sickness, we greatly advise that you move to an altitude that is slower.
Always watch out for any early signs or symptoms indicating altitude sickness so that necessary action can be taken to avoid them from getting worse.
Do not use alcohol or tobacco, plus any other depressant medicines such as barbiturates, or tranquilizers or even sleeping pills.
We highly recommend that you carry enough oxygen tanks to last you a number of days when climbing to high altitudes. People who are at high risk of developing anemia should speak to their physicians about taking iron supplements to assist in maintaining the level of blood oxygen.